Skilled nursing care may last for a few weeks, a few months or continue for years.
Short term care may be required for rehabilitation from a hospital stay or recovery from an illness, injury or surgery. Long term care is typically required for those needing nursing care or supervision, those with chronic medical conditions or severe pain, those with permanent disabilities, those with Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia, and those requiring help with activities of daily living. In summary, skilled nursing care, short or long term, is for those individuals requiring round the clock care. Skilled nursing facilities are highly regulated, licensed and inspected by state and federal agencies.
Personal care facilities are designed for those who can, and many times do, maintain a high level of independence, but need some level of help with daily tasks. Assistance with bathing, dressing, walking, medication administration, toileting, personal hygiene, housekeeping, laundry and arranging and transporting to physician appointments are some of those daily tasks offered by a personal care facility. Services are provided by trained staff, but personal care homes do not provide the continuous skilled medical care found in skilled nursing facilities. Like skilled nursing facilities, personal care homes must comply with state laws and regulations and are surveyed and inspected annually.